to develop a conceptual model to assess the impact of social structures. Using a sample of 25,362 interviewees of mixed race, sex, and socioeconomic status, we find that the types of responses yielded by interviewees are largely determined by whether they live in a context or context-free environment. Furthermore, we document the difference in respondent responses between an interviewee’s home and work environment and their experience of racism. The overall rates of reporting and the most common response types are quite similar in both settings. However, the influence of both social structures is found to be statistically significant and we successfully use a causal-loop model to demonstrate how they interact and demonstrate the presence of interactive effects. We
establish that female interviewees there is an advantage for the interviewer to be a woman. Moreover, the effect is more pronounced in contexts where perceived authority is high and where the interviewer is female. Finally, we find color is a less important influence than participant
sex and the identification of sexual freedom as a positive influence. This is despite other studies claiming that female interviewers gain more information or that interviewees find it easier to reveal information to a female interviewer.
denial. c) confrontation responses. Our findings suggest that confronting isn’t always desirable. It has a negative impact on the quality of information obtained. There is little evidence to support the idea that obstructive questions are useful. When a major violation is discovered, the only valuable means of responding is verbal denial. d2c66b5586